Oncology medicines is a branch of drugs which deal with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The medical professionals who study or practices oncology are called as oncologists. These medicines are only used to treat patients of cancer. It is a study of the cancer and an oncologist is a doctor who is responsible in treating the cancer and proffers medical care for the person who is diagnosed with the cancer.

There are three significant fields of oncology which are surgical, radiation, and medical.

Surgical- A surgical oncologist takes out the cancerous tumor and the tissues that reside nearby during the process of surgery. The surgeon may also perform types of biopsies in order to help diagnose cancer.

Radiation Oncologist- Radiation oncologist, treats cancer using radiation therapy. During the surgery, the patient has to lie on the bed, and a big machine directs the radiation on the affected area on order to destroy the cells of cancer.

Medical- Medical oncologists get rid of cancer by using Chemotherapy, which is quite common in treating cancers. The doctor may also treat cancer with the help of medications such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy.

Types of oncology medicines used in the Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a very common treatment in order to heal the cancer. Oncology medicines are often used in the Chemotherapy. The medicines travels the through the bloodstream in whole in order to destroy the cells which are effected by the cancer. Chemotherapy is very much effective and can possibly treat the cancer, although it still depends on the stage cancer. Let’s take a look at types of oncology medicines used in the Chemotherapy.

Alkylating Agents- It reduces the abilities of cells of multiplying the spreading to the body. It works in all of the phases in the cycle of cells. Alkylating agents can be used to treat several types of cancers which include, lung cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, lymphoma cancer, leukemia cancer, Hodgkin disease, sarcoma, and multiple myeloma. Let’s have a look at some of the examples of alkylating agents.

  • Carmustine
  • Melphalan
  • Lomustine
  • Thiotepa
  • Trabectedin
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Cisplatin


It comes in a group of alkylating agents which has a special action. The alkylating agents that are mentioned above does not have the abilities to travel in the brain. But, nitrosoureas are capable enough to do so. The can easily enter the brain because they are capable enough to cross through the areas that are known as blood brain barrier. Blood brain barrier is a special area that keeps most of the drugs out of the brains. Have a look at the examples of nitrosoureas,

  • Lomustine
  • Streptozonic
  • Carmustine


It interferes with the RNA and DNA by being a substitute for the building blocks of RNA and DNA that are normal. The DNA loses the abilities to multiply itself when it happens, and the cell cannot reproduce anymore. Antimetabolites are usually used to treat the leukemia cancer of the ovary, breast, and intestinal tract. Let’s take a look at some of its examples.

  • Clofarabine
  • Azacitidine
  • Cladribine
  • Nelarabine
  • Pralatrexate
  • Thioguanine

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