Cancer Diagnostic Procedures

A detailed guide on Cancer Diagnostic Procedures:

Barium Enema

Barium Enema, also known as colon X-ray exam is performed to detect abnormalities or changes in the colon (large intestine) or rectum.


The biopsy is the examination of sample tissues or cells of a living being to detect the extent, cause, or presence of a disease.

Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy

Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy are tests conducted to gather and inspect bone marrow.

Bone Scan

It helps diagnose various bone conditions and the effectiveness of cancer treatment.

Breast MRI

Breast MRI screens women who are at high risk of having breast cancer and evaluates the stage of cancer.


Colonoscopy is usually used to assess gastrointestinal symptoms, like intestinal bleeding, or abdominal pain, etc.

Complete Blood Count Tests

CBC is a test needed to assess the overall health and identify several disorders, such as anemia, and infection.

Computed Tomography (CT) Scan

It is a type of computerized imaging test to find cancer without any surgery.

Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)

DRE is used to analyze the pelvis, lower belly, and lower rectum. It helps identify prostate cancer in its initial stages.

EKG and Echocardiogram

EKG is a heart’s ultrasound that offers data on the functioning and structure of the heart. An echocardiogram helps identify issues with the valves, rhythm, and heart muscle.

Types of Endoscopy

Endoscopy is a type of procedure that allows doctors to view the inside of a human body.

Fecal Occult Blood Tests

It is a laboratory test conducted to analyze stool samples for any hidden or occult blood which might indicate cancer.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is imaging, non-invasive technology that produces detailed 3D anatomical images.


MUGA Scan used to take pictures of lower chambers of the heart and understand its condition!

Pap Test

It is a procedure that helps in identifying cervical cancer amongst women.

Positron Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography (PET-CT) Scans

PET – CT Scans are needed to find the location and stage of cancer 


It is an invasive treatment that allows the doctor to take a look at the large intestine and the colon.

Tumor Marker Tests

These tests look for tumor/cancer markers in body tissue, blood, and urine.


Ultrasound is a wave test that shows the location of the tumor in the body.

Upper Endoscopy

EGD lets doctors check out the small intestine, esophagus, and stomach.